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Falling, Rolling and Somersaulting Techniques

A knowledge of how to fall without injury is essential, especially when one considers how slippery our streets can be. Yet in many cases, the mere knowledge of how to roll correctly on the ground can turn the strength of an opponent's throw into an effective weapon against him. Therefore, a fall may be classified according to the goal it accomplishes.

                

The demonstration with Alexander Maksimtsov.

Classification of falls by aim:

  1. Falling as means of cushioning a drop to the ground (or a breakfall).
  2. Falling and rolling as means of shifting the body from one location to another.
  3. Falling as means of escaping from a blow, a grab or a throw.
  4. Falling with rolling in order to increase the power of a blow with the weight of your body.

Likewise, falls, rolls and somersaults can be divided according to the height of the fall relative to your stance.

Classification of falls by height:

  1. Falling from height.
  2. Falling from a normal stance.
  3. Falling from a kneeling position. "Before learning how to stand, you must learn how to fall"
  4. Somersaults and rolls while on the ground.

The last means of classification is according to the direction of the motion of the fall.

Classification by motion:

I. Falling forward onto the hands: three variations.

II. Falling to the side while absorbing the shock with the hands and feet: 2 variations.

III. Rolls

a) forward, exiting from the roll

  1. to a safe area
  2. to strike upward with your heels
  3. to a stance
  • facing the course of the motion
  • facing back from the course of the motion
  • facing perpendicular to the course of the motion

b) backward, exiting from the roll

  1. to a position laying on your stomach
  2. to a stance

IV. Somersaults

1. on the shoulders

  • to strike high with your legs
  • to strike low with your legs

2. on the spine

  • to strike high with your legs
  • to strike low with your legs

Let's lay out the basic principles of falling

Principles of Falling

- when falling to the ground, do not let the body go against it, but go with the flow.

- try to spread the impact over as large an area of the body as possible, thereby reducing the force of the impact. Only the soft tissues of the body should make contact.

- relax, thereby reducing the speed of the fall.

- always work from the pelvis. All movement should come from the pelvis.

- change of the forward motion to a rotating motion to the ground is created by using the twisting of the body around an axis of rotation (the spine, the shoulders, etc.)

- at the moment of contact with the ground, exhale.

Aims of Falling

1. The safety and well-being of the body in the event of abrupt, heavy contact with the ground, floor, etc.

2. The mobility of the body away from a strike, the line of attack, the trajectory of a shot. Usually, this is accompanied by an abrupt fall down with a following withdrawal using different methods of somersaulting.

3. Training in narrow and long jumping, in different directions softly landing on the ground, on an attacker, on cars, etc.